Topic- Physical & Environmental Threats in Critical Infr…

Topic- Physical & Environmental Threats in Critical Infrastructure (NOTE- Include Scada and for environmental threats focus on avaliability and redendency for critical sectors of infrastructure Refer to below link for Critical Infrastructures Research Paper •10-12 pages •Double spaced APA style •At least 10 references • •Find and review concerning the assigned threats, network security, and the associated industry •Find and review other information that associates with your topic area •Apply research from articles on chosen topic area to create research paper

Critical infrastructures play a pivotal role in ensuring the functioning of society and the economy. However, they are vulnerable to various physical and environmental threats that can disrupt their operations and potentially have devastating consequences. This research paper explores the threats faced by critical infrastructures, with a particular focus on Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems and environmental threats impacting availability and redundancy in critical sectors. The paper also examines network security measures and the associated industry, while incorporating relevant research articles to provide a comprehensive analysis of the topic.

1. Introduction
Critical infrastructures encompass various sectors such as energy, transportation, communication, and finance, all of which are essential for the well-being and functioning of modern society. The reliance on these infrastructures has grown exponentially with the advancement of technology and increasing interconnectivity. Consequently, the repercussions of disruptions in these infrastructures have become more severe than ever before. This paper aims to investigate the physical and environmental threats faced by critical infrastructures, particularly focusing on SCADA systems and availability and redundancy in critical sectors.

2. Physical Threats
Physical threats refer to deliberate or accidental acts that can cause physical damage to critical infrastructures. These threats include terrorist attacks, sabotage, vandalism, and natural disasters. The consequences of such threats range from minor disruptions to complete shut down of operations, leading to significant economic losses and potential loss of lives. Research articles discussing the vulnerabilities and countermeasures against physical threats in critical infrastructures will be examined in this section.

3. Environmental Threats
Environmental threats pose substantial challenges to critical infrastructures, as they often result in availability and redundancy issues. Factors such as extreme weather conditions, climate change, and natural disasters can lead to power outages, transportation disruptions, and damage to communication networks. These threats require adequate preparation and resilient infrastructure to ensure continuity of services. This section will explore research articles that address the impact of environmental threats on critical sectors and discuss strategies for enhancing availability and redundancy.

4. SCADA Systems and Network Security
SCADA systems play a crucial role in monitoring and controlling various critical infrastructures. However, they are susceptible to cyber-attacks, which pose a significant threat to their integrity and functional capabilities. This section aims to investigate network security measures, such as intrusion detection systems, firewalls, and encryption, that can safeguard SCADA systems. Additionally, research articles related to the associated industry and its efforts to address network security challenges will be analyzed.

5. Conclusion
In conclusion, physical and environmental threats pose serious risks to critical infrastructures, affecting their availability, redundancy, and security. SCADA systems are particularly vulnerable to cyber-attacks, necessitating robust network security measures. This research paper explores the threats faced by critical infrastructures, highlights the importance of network security, and emphasizes the need for resilience in the face of environmental challenges. By incorporating research articles on these topics, this paper provides a holistic analysis of the subject matter and offers insights into potential solutions to mitigate the risks associated with physical and environmental threats in critical infrastructures.