This week, you will continue to populate the Psychology Theo…

additional information to the sections you have already completed. Specifically, you will focus on the Cognitive, Humanistic, and Social Psychology theories.

In the Cognitive section, you will explore theories such as information processing theory, cognitive dissonance theory, and social cognitive theory. Information processing theory focuses on how individuals perceive, store, and retrieve information. It suggests that humans have limited cognitive resources and must allocate these resources efficiently to process information. Cognitive dissonance theory, on the other hand, proposes that individuals experience discomfort when there is a mismatch between their beliefs and their behaviors, leading them to either change their beliefs or their behaviors. Lastly, social cognitive theory emphasizes the role of observational learning, self-efficacy, and self-regulation in human behavior.

Moving on to the Humanistic section, you will examine theories such as Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, Carl Rogers’ person-centered therapy, and self-determination theory. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs posits that individuals have a set of basic needs (such as physiological needs, safety, love and belonging, esteem, and self-actualization) that must be met in a hierarchical order. Once lower-level needs are satisfied, individuals can strive to fulfill higher-level needs. Carl Rogers’ person-centered therapy emphasizes the importance of the therapeutic relationship and unconditional positive regard in promoting growth and self-actualization. Lastly, self-determination theory suggests that individuals have psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness, and that satisfying these needs is essential for well-being.

In the Social Psychology section, you will delve into theories such as social identity theory, attribution theory, and conformity. Social identity theory proposes that individuals derive part of their self-concept from their group memberships and strive to maintain a positive social identity. Attribution theory explores how individuals explain the causes of behavior, whether it be through internal attributions (attributing behavior to personal characteristics) or external attributions (attributing behavior to situational factors). Lastly, conformity refers to the tendency of individuals to adjust their behaviors or beliefs to match those of others in a group.

To further develop the Cognitive section, you can research additional theories such as schema theory, which suggests that individuals organize knowledge into schemas (mental frameworks) to make sense of the world. You may also explore theories related to cognitive development, such as Piaget’s theory of cognitive development, which posits that individuals progress through stages of cognitive development (sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational) as they mature.

In the Humanistic section, you can expand on the concept of self-actualization, which is the process of fulfilling one’s potential and becoming the best version of oneself. Additionally, you can research other humanistic theories, such as Viktor Frankl’s logotherapy, which emphasizes finding meaning and purpose in life.

In the Social Psychology section, you can delve deeper into the concept of social influence, which refers to how others influence an individual’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. This can include examining theories like social facilitation, where the presence of others enhances an individual’s performance on simple tasks but impairs performance on complex tasks. You may also explore theories related to prejudice and discrimination, such as the social identity theory of intergroup behavior, which examines how group membership affects individuals’ attitudes and behaviors towards members of other groups.

Overall, as you add information to the Cognitive, Humanistic, and Social Psychology sections of the Psychology Theories Template, it is crucial to provide a comprehensive overview of each theory and highlight its key concepts, contributors, and underlying assumptions. By doing so, you will create a valuable resource for understanding the breadth and depth of psychological theories and their implications for human behavior.