The dissertation topic is focused on examining the impact of climate change on global food security, with a specific emphasis on the vulnerability of smallholder farmers in developing countries and the potential adaptation strategies that could be implemented to mitigate these risks and enhance resilience in agricultural systems.
Climate change poses a significant threat to global food security, especially in developing countries where agriculture is a key source of livelihoods and food production. Smallholder farmers, who typically rely on rainfed agriculture and have limited access to resources and technology, are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. This research aims to explore the specific challenges faced by smallholder farmers in adapting to climate change and identifying potential strategies to enhance their resilience and food security in the face of climate change.
To achieve this aim, the research will employ a mixed methods approach, combining quantitative data analysis with qualitative methods such as interviews and case studies. Firstly, an analysis of historical climate data, crop yield records, and socio-economic indicators will be conducted to assess the relationship between climate change and smallholder farming systems. This analysis will provide a comprehensive understanding of the climate change impacts on agricultural productivity and food security.
The research will also involve conducting interviews and focus group discussions with smallholder farmers, agricultural experts, and relevant stakeholders to gather insights on the challenges faced by smallholders in adapting to climate change. These qualitative methods will help capture the experiences, perspectives, and knowledge of farmers, as well as explore the existing adaptive strategies employed by smallholders.
Based on the findings from the data analysis and qualitative research, potential adaptation strategies will be identified and evaluated in terms of their effectiveness and feasibility in enhancing smallholder farmers’ resilience to climate change. These adaptation strategies could include technological innovations, agricultural diversification, climate-smart agriculture practices, access to credit and insurance, and supportive policies.
The research will also consider the role of institutions, governance, and policy frameworks in facilitating effective adaptation strategies for smallholder farmers. It will analyze the existing policies and institutional arrangements in place and assess their adequacy in addressing the challenges posed by climate change to agricultural systems. Recommendations for policy interventions and institutional reforms will be made based on the research findings to enhance the adaptive capacity of smallholder farmers and support sustainable food production in the context of climate change.
The research is significant as it contributes to our understanding of the specific challenges faced by smallholder farmers in developing countries, who are at the frontline of climate change impacts but often lack the resources and support to adapt effectively. By identifying and evaluating adaptation strategies, the research aims to provide valuable insights for policymakers, practitioners, and development agencies to design and implement effective measures to enhance food security in a changing climate. Furthermore, the research findings will add to the existing body of knowledge on climate change and food security, contributing to the academic discourse on sustainable agricultural development and resilience building in the face of climate change.