PED212: Foundation of Movement & Motor Activities Week 3 Dis…

PED212: Foundation of Movement & Motor Activities Week 3 Discussions


Movement and motor activities are essential for the physical and cognitive development of individuals, particularly children. This week’s discussions focus on the foundation of movement and motor activities, exploring various topics such as the role of fundamental movement skills, the importance of physical literacy, and the impact of technology on movement development. In this post, we will delve deeper into these areas and analyze the key points presented.
Role of Fundamental Movement Skills

Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are the building blocks for more complex movements and physical activities. These skills include locomotor skills (e.g., running, jumping, hopping), object control skills (e.g., throwing, catching, kicking), and stability skills (e.g., balancing, twisting, bending). According to Gallahue and Ozmun (2015), developing FMS is crucial for children as it forms the basis for participating in various physical activities and sports.

One important aspect of FMS is that they can be learned and improved through practice and instruction. Research indicates that children who have acquired a wide range of FMS tend to be more physically active and have better physical fitness levels (Logan, Barnett, & Goodway, 2017). This underscores the significance of providing opportunities for children to develop and refine their FMS.

Physical Literacy and its Importance

Physical literacy refers to an individual’s ability to move confidently and competently in a variety of physical activities. It encompasses not only the development of fundamental movement skills but also the understanding of movement concepts and the motivation to engage in physical activities (Whitehead, 2010). In other words, physical literacy is about equipping individuals with the knowledge, skills, and motivation to lead active and healthy lives.

Developing physical literacy in children has multiple benefits. Firstly, it provides them with a strong foundation for lifelong physical activity participation. Secondly, physical literacy enhances overall motor development, leading to improved motor skills and coordination (Keegan et al., 2020). Furthermore, physical literacy is associated with higher levels of self-esteem, confidence, and overall well-being (Cairney et al., 2019). Therefore, it is crucial to prioritize physical literacy in educational and community settings to ensure that children develop the necessary skills and knowledge to engage in physical activities.

Impact of Technology on Movement Development

In recent years, the pervasiveness of technology has become increasingly evident in our daily lives. While technology offers numerous benefits and opportunities, it also poses potential challenges to movement development, particularly among children. Sedentary behaviors such as excessive screen time and sedentary game play can displace active play and movement opportunities, leading to physical inactivity and reduced physical fitness levels (Carson et al., 2016).

Evidence suggests that excessive sedentary behavior during childhood may have long-term consequences for health and well-being (Cliff et al., 2019). Therefore, it is important to strike a balance between the use of technology and engagement in physical activities. Parents, educators, and policymakers should promote active screen-time choices, incorporating movement-based video games or utilizing technology to enhance physical activity participation (Rudd, Mehari, & Loprinzi, 2016).


In conclusion, fundamental movement skills and physical literacy play vital roles in the development of individuals’ movement abilities and overall well-being. Providing children with opportunities to acquire and refine fundamental movement skills and fostering physical literacy are key strategies to promote lifelong physical activity participation. Additionally, it is essential to recognize the potential impacts of technology on movement development and take proactive steps to encourage a balanced approach to screen time and physical activity. By investing in movement and motor activities, individuals can reap the benefits of improved physical fitness, increased self-confidence, and enhanced overall quality of life.