Just need questions anwsered no introduction or conclusion 1…

Question 2: What is the impact of deforestation on global climate change?

Deforestation, the permanent removal of trees from forests, has a significant impact on global climate change. The removal of trees disrupts the carbon cycle as trees act as carbon sinks, absorbing carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere and storing it in their biomass. When forests are cleared, this stored carbon is released back into the atmosphere as CO2, contributing to the greenhouse effect.

According to a study published in the journal Nature Climate Change, deforestation accounts for approximately 10-15% of global greenhouse gas emissions each year (Gibbs et al., 2010). The release of CO2 from deforestation contributes to the increase in atmospheric CO2 levels, leading to higher temperatures and climate change.

Additionally, deforestation affects climate patterns by altering local and regional weather conditions. Forests regulate temperature and humidity, and their removal disrupts these patterns, resulting in altered rainfall patterns, increased frequency of droughts, and changes in temperature extremes (Davidson, 2014).

For example, the Amazon rainforest, often referred to as the “lungs of the Earth,” plays a crucial role in regulating global climate. However, deforestation in the Amazon has led to significant environmental consequences. According to a report by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), approximately 17% of the Amazon rainforest has been lost in the past 50 years, primarily due to clearing for agriculture (WWF, 2020). This loss of forest cover has disrupted rainfall patterns in the region, leading to severe droughts and impacting local ecosystems.

In conclusion, deforestation has a profound impact on global climate change. The release of CO2 from deforestation contributes to greenhouse gas emissions, which increases global temperatures. Additionally, deforestation alters weather patterns, leading to changes in temperature and rainfall patterns. The preservation and restoration of forests are crucial in mitigating climate change and maintaining ecological balance.

References:
– Gibbs, H. K., et al. (2010). Carbon payback times for crop-based biofuel expansion in the tropics: the effects of changing yield and technology. Environmental Research Letters, 5(3), 034001.
– Davidson, E. A. (2014). The Amazon basin in transition. Nature, 505(7483), 496-503.
– WWF. (2020). Threats | Deforestation in the Amazon. Retrieved from https://www.worldwildlife.org/threats/deforestation-in-the-amazon