Go to milestone 3, improve on the topic selected under menta…

Milestone 3: Improving on Mental Health Topic Selection


Mental health is an increasingly important area of study in today’s society. The topic of mental health encompasses a wide range of conditions and issues, including but not limited to anxiety disorders, depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and eating disorders. In this milestone, we will explore ways to improve on the topic selected in Milestone 1 while providing a deeper understanding of mental health.

Defining the Research Question:

To improve on the selected topic, it is crucial to refine the research question. In Milestone 1, the initial research question may have been broad, such as “What are the causes of mental health disorders?” While this question provides a starting point for understanding mental health, it lacks specificity. A refined research question could be, “What are the genetic and environmental factors that contribute to the development of anxiety disorders among adolescents?”

By narrowing down the research question, it becomes easier to focus on specific aspects of mental health and conduct a more targeted investigation. This allows for a deeper understanding of the selected topic and facilitates the development of meaningful and impactful research outcomes.

Identifying Knowledge Gaps:

To improve on the topic selection, it is essential to identify knowledge gaps within the chosen area of mental health. Knowledge gaps refer to areas within the existing literature where limited or no research has been conducted. These gaps present opportunities for further exploration and contribute to the advancement of knowledge in the field.

To identify knowledge gaps, it is helpful to conduct a thorough literature review. This involves reviewing existing research articles, books, and other relevant sources to gain a comprehensive understanding of the current state of knowledge in the field of mental health.

During the literature review, pay attention to areas where the research is limited, contradictory, or inconclusive. These gaps may arise due to the novelty of the topic, methodological limitations of previous studies, or lack of research in specific populations or contexts.

A well-defined research question and identified knowledge gaps serve as the foundation for a successful research project in the field of mental health. With a clear focus and understanding of the limitations in current knowledge, researchers can contribute meaningful insights to the field.

Expanding the Scope:

While refining the research question and identifying knowledge gaps, it is also essential to consider expanding the scope of the research. Mental health is an interdisciplinary field, encompassing various aspects such as psychology, neuroscience, sociology, and public health. Therefore, a more comprehensive and holistic approach to the research topic can provide a more nuanced understanding of mental health.

For instance, if the initial topic was focused on the biological factors contributing to depression, expanding the scope to include social factors such as socioeconomic status, social support networks, and cultural influences can provide a more comprehensive understanding of the condition. Similarly, exploring the role of psychological factors, such as cognitive processes and personality traits, can further enhance the depth of the research.

By expanding the scope, researchers can consider the complexity and multidimensionality of mental health, thus contributing to a more comprehensive body of knowledge.


In conclusion, improving on the topic selected in Milestone 1 requires refining the research question, identifying knowledge gaps, and expanding the scope of the research. By honing in on a specific research question, researchers can provide a more targeted investigation into mental health. Identifying knowledge gaps allows for the identification of areas where there is limited existing research, fostering the potential for impactful contributions. Finally, expanding the scope of the research topic facilitates a comprehensive understanding of mental health by incorporating various interdisciplinary perspectives. Together, these steps contribute to a deeper, well-rounded study of mental health and its associated challenges.