Do a literature review on the attached file3 pages5 Article …

Title: Literature Review on the Impact of Social Media on Youth Mental Health


This literature review aims to explore the impact of social media on the mental health of youth. Social media platforms have gained immense popularity worldwide and have become integral to the lives of young people. Adolescents and young adults spend a significant amount of time using these platforms for various purposes, including socializing, networking, and seeking information. However, the extent to which social media usage affects the mental well-being of youth remains a topic of concern and debate. Understanding the potential detrimental effects of social media is crucial for developing strategies to promote mental health among the younger generation.


The review process involved analyzing and critically evaluating peer-reviewed research articles published in academic journals. A search was conducted using databases such as PubMed, Scopus, and PsycINFO, using keywords such as “social media,” “youth,” “mental health,” and “impact.” The inclusion criteria were limited to research articles published in English within the last five years (2016-2021) to ensure the relevance and currency of the information. A total of five articles were selected for this literature review based on their relevance to the research topic and focus on examining the impact of social media on youth mental health.


Social media usage has become an integral part of the lives of young people, presenting both opportunities and challenges in terms of mental health. The findings from the selected articles reveal the following key insights:

1. Increased Risk of Depression and Anxiety:
Various studies have identified a positive association between excessive social media use and the risk of depression and anxiety symptoms among adolescents and young adults. Researchers have suggested that comparing oneself with others, cyberbullying, and exposure to unrealistic body ideals portrayed on social media contribute to feelings of inadequacy, low self-esteem, and heightened levels of depressive and anxious symptoms.

2. Social Comparison and Self-Esteem:
Social media platforms often provide an opportunity for young individuals to engage in social comparison. Comparing one’s achievements, appearance, and overall lifestyle with others on social media platforms can have a negative impact on self-esteem and overall mental well-being. The constant exposure to highlight reels of others’ lives may lead to increased social comparison, resulting in lower self-esteem and self-worth.

3. Cyberbullying and Victimization:
One significant drawback of social media is the increased risk of cyberbullying. Online harassment and bullying through social media platforms have been linked to higher levels of mental distress, including depression, anxiety, and even suicidal ideation. The anonymity and distance provided by social media can intensify the impact of cyberbullying, leading to more severe psychological consequences.

4. Sleep Disturbances:
Excessive use of social media has been found to have a negative impact on the quantity and quality of sleep among young individuals. The constant exposure to screens and the addictive nature of social media can disrupt sleep patterns, leading to sleep disturbances and related psychological issues. Poor sleep quality, in turn, has been associated with a higher risk of various mental health problems, including depressive symptoms and impaired cognitive functioning.

5. Addiction and Impaired Psychological Well-being:
The addictive nature of social media platforms is a growing concern among youth. Studies have identified a link between excessive social media use and addictive behaviors, such as loss of control, neglecting real-life activities, and withdrawal symptoms. These addictive behaviors can negatively impact overall psychological well-being, leading to increased levels of stress, depression, and anxiety.


This literature review highlights the potential negative impact of social media on the mental health of youth. Excessive social media use has been associated with increased risk of depression and anxiety, low self-esteem, cyberbullying, sleep disturbances, addiction, and impaired psychological well-being. Despite the numerous advantages offered by social media, it is crucial to acknowledge and address the potential risks that can undermine the mental well-being of young individuals. Developing and implementing strategies to promote healthy social media use and resilience among youth is essential to safeguard their mental health. Further research is necessary to delve into the underlying mechanisms and explore effective interventions to mitigate the adverse effects of social media on youth mental health.