25 Questions test ( multiple choises ) – PSY 100 from Psycho…

1. Which of the following is NOT considered a subfield of psychology?
a) Developmental psychology
b) Cognitive psychology
c) Social psychology
d) Physics

2. Who is often referred to as the father of modern psychology?
a) Wilhelm Wundt
b) Sigmund Freud
c) John Watson
d) B.F. Skinner

3. Which of the following is NOT a part of the scientific method?
a) Observation
b) Experimentation
c) Measurement
d) Deduction

4. What is the basic unit of the nervous system?
a) Neuron
b) Synapse
c) Axon
d) Dendrite

5. What memory system is responsible for the immediate processing of sensory information?
a) Short-term memory
b) Long-term memory
c) Sensory memory
d) Working memory

6. What is the correct order of stages in Freud’s psychosexual theory of development?
a) Oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital
b) Anal, oral, phallic, latency, genital
c) Oral, phallic, anal, genital, latency
d) Phallic, oral, genital, anal, latency

7. What type of learning occurs through the association of two stimuli?
a) Classical conditioning
b) Operant conditioning
c) Cognitive learning
d) Observational learning

8. Which of the following is NOT a type of reinforcement in operant conditioning?
a) Positive reinforcement
b) Negative reinforcement
c) Punishment
d) Extinction

9. What is the primary focus of humanistic psychology?
a) Unconscious motives and desires
b) Biological and genetic factors influencing behavior
c) The role of social and cultural influences
d) Personal growth and self-actualization

10. Who is famous for his studies on conformity and obedience?
a) Stanley Milgram
b) Albert Bandura
c) Carl Rogers
d) Abraham Maslow

11. What is the process by which we interpret and give meaning to sensory information?
a) Perception
b) Attention
c) Sensation
d) Cognition

12. What is the main premise of the psychoanalytic theory?
a) Human behavior is largely determined by unconscious drives and desires
b) Behavior can be taught through rewards and punishments
c) Human behavior is influenced by cognitive processes
d) Human behavior is primarily determined by biological factors

13. According to Erik Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development, what is the primary developmental task during adolescence?
a) Identity vs. role confusion
b) Intimacy vs. isolation
c) Autonomy vs. shame and doubt
d) Initiative vs. guilt

14. What is the term for the branch of psychology that focuses on the measurement of human abilities, attitudes, and traits?
a) Industrial-organizational psychology
b) Clinical psychology
c) Counseling psychology
d) Psychometrics

15. What is the term for the process of encoding, storage, and retrieval of information in long-term memory?
a) Elaborative rehearsal
b) Maintenance rehearsal
c) Encoding specificity
d) Storage consolidation

16. Who is famous for his research on obedience, particularly the Milgram experiment?
a) Stanley Milgram
b) Philip Zimbardo
c) Solomon Asch
d) John Watson

17. What is the term for the ability to understand, feel, and share the emotions of others?
a) Empathy
b) Sympathy
c) Compassion
d) Apathy

18. Which of the following is NOT a dimension of personality in the Five-Factor Model?
a) Extroversion
b) Neuroticism
c) Openness
d) Naivety

19. What is the term for the process of forming an opinion or belief about someone or something based on limited information?
a) Stereotyping
b) Prejudice
c) Discrimination
d) Attitude formation

20. Who is famous for his research on observational learning, particularly the Bobo doll experiment?
a) Albert Bandura
b) Ivan Pavlov
c) B.F. Skinner
d) John Watson

21. According to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, what is the highest level of motivation?
a) Physiological needs
b) Safety needs
c) Esteem needs
d) Self-actualization

22. What is the term for the psychological disorder characterized by excessive worry and fear?
a) Generalized anxiety disorder
b) Panic disorder
c) Obsessive-compulsive disorder
d) Post-traumatic stress disorder

23. Which of the following is NOT a symptom of major depressive disorder?
a) Sadness and loss of interest
b) Changes in appetite and weight
c) Fatigue and loss of energy
d) Delusions and hallucinations

24. What is the term for a defense mechanism in which unacceptable thoughts, feelings, or impulses are attributed to someone else?
a) Projection
b) Repression
c) Regression
d) Rationalization

25. What is the term for the process of modifying existing schemas to fit new information?
a) Assimilation
b) Accommodation
c) Equilibrium
d) Disequilibrium

Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes, and its many subfields aim to better understand and explain human nature and behavior. In this multiple-choice test, you will showcase your knowledge of key principles and concepts discussed in PSY 100 – Psychology Applied to Modern Life. Good luck!

1. Which of the following is NOT considered a subfield of psychology?
a) Developmental psychology
b) Cognitive psychology
c) Social psychology
d) Physics
>> The correct answer is d) Physics. While the other options are all subfields of psychology, physics is not related to the study of behavior and mental processes.

2. Who is often referred to as the father of modern psychology?
a) Wilhelm Wundt
b) Sigmund Freud
c) John Watson
d) B.F. Skinner
>> The correct answer is a) Wilhelm Wundt. Wundt is credited with establishing the first psychology laboratory in Leipzig, Germany, in 1879, marking the birth of modern psychology.

3. Which of the following is NOT a part of the scientific method?
a) Observation
b) Experimentation
c) Measurement
d) Deduction
>> The correct answer is d) Deduction. The scientific method consists of observation, formulation of hypotheses, experimentation, and measurement; deduction is not a primary step in this process.

4. What is the basic unit of the nervous system?
a) Neuron
b) Synapse
c) Axon
d) Dendrite
>> The correct answer is a) Neuron. Neurons are specialized cells that transmit information in the nervous system through electrical and chemical signaling.

5. What memory system is responsible for the immediate processing of sensory information?
a) Short-term memory
b) Long-term memory
c) Sensory memory
d) Working memory
>> The correct answer is c) Sensory memory. Sensory memory is a brief storage system that holds sensory information for a short period, allowing us to perceive and interpret the world around us.

6. What is the correct order of stages in Freud’s psychosexual theory of development?
a) Oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital
b) Anal, oral, phallic, latency, genital
c) Oral, phallic, anal, genital, latency
d) Phallic, oral, genital, anal, latency
>> The correct answer is a) Oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital. According to Freud’s theory, individuals pass through different psychosexual stages during their development, from the oral stage (birth to 1 year) to the genital stage (puberty onwards).

7. What type of learning occurs through the association of two stimuli?
a) Classical conditioning
b) Operant conditioning
c) Cognitive learning
d) Observational learning
>> The correct answer is a) Classical conditioning. In classical conditioning, a previously neutral stimulus becomes associated with a naturally occurring stimulus, leading to a learned response.

8. Which of the following is NOT a type of reinforcement in operant conditioning?
a) Positive reinforcement
b) Negative reinforcement
c) Punishment
d) Extinction
>> The correct answer is d) Extinction. Extinction refers to the gradual weakening and disappearance of a conditioned response when the conditioned stimulus is no longer paired with the unconditioned stimulus.

9. What is the primary focus of humanistic psychology?
a) Unconscious motives and desires
b) Biological and genetic factors influencing behavior
c) The role of social and cultural influences
d) Personal growth and self-actualization
>> The correct answer is d) Personal growth and self-actualization. Humanistic psychology emphasizes individual potential for personal growth and self-fulfillment, focusing on subjective experiences and the pursuit of one’s highest potential.

10. Who is famous for his studies on conformity and obedience?
a) Stanley Milgram
b) Albert Bandura
c) Carl Rogers
d) Abraham Maslow
>> The correct answer is a) Stanley Milgram. Milgram’s experiments on obedience shed light on the psychological processes that influence individuals to obey authority figures, such as the famous Milgram Experiment where participants were instructed to administer increasingly high levels of electric shocks to a person they believed to be another participant.

11. What is the process by which we interpret and give meaning to sensory information?
a) Perception
b) Attention
c) Sensation
d) Cognition
>> The correct answer is a) Perception. Perception is the process by which we select, organize, and interpret sensory stimuli, allowing us to make sense of our environment.

12. What is the main premise of the psychoanalytic theory?
a) Human behavior is largely determined by unconscious drives and desires
b) Behavior can be taught through rewards and punishments
c) Human behavior is influenced by cognitive processes
d) Human behavior is primarily determined by biological factors
>> The correct answer is a) Human behavior is largely determined by unconscious drives and desires. According to psychoanalytic theory, unconscious motives and desires, particularly those related to early childhood experiences, play a significant role in shaping behavior and psychological functioning.

13. According to Erik Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development, what is the primary developmental task during adolescence?
a) Identity vs. role confusion
b) Intimacy vs. isolation
c) Autonomy vs. shame and doubt
d) Initiative vs. guilt
>> The correct answer is a) Identity vs. role confusion. During adolescence, individuals experience a stage of psychosocial development characterized by the exploration and development of a personal identity, including one’s values, beliefs, and life goals.

14. What is the term for the branch of psychology that focuses on the measurement of human abilities, attitudes, and traits?
a) Industrial-organizational psychology
b) Clinical psychology
c) Counseling psychology
d) Psychometrics
>> The correct answer is d) Psychometrics. Psychometrics is the field of psychology concerned with the development and administration of psychological tests and the measurement of human abilities, attitudes, and traits.

15. What is the term for the process of encoding, storage, and retrieval of information in long-term memory?
a) Elaborative rehearsal
b) Maintenance rehearsal
c) Encoding specificity
d) Storage consolidation
>> The correct answer is d) Storage consolidation. Storage consolidation refers to the process by which information from short-term memory is transferred and permanently stored in long-term memory.

16. Who is famous for his research on obedience, particularly the Milgram experiment?
a) Stanley Milgram
b) Philip Zimbardo
c) Solomon Asch
d) John Watson
>> The correct answer is a) Stanley Milgram. Milgram’s research, including the famous Milgram experiment, demonstrated the disturbing tendency of individuals to comply with authority figures, even when instructed to perform harmful actions.

17. What is the term for the ability to understand, feel, and share the emotions of others?
a) Empathy
b) Sympathy
c) Compassion
d) Apathy
>> The correct answer is a) Empathy. Empathy refers to the ability to understand and share the emotions of others, often accompanied by a desire to help or support them.

18. Which of the following is NOT a dimension of personality in the Five-Factor Model?
a) Extroversion
b) Neuroticism
c) Openness
d) Naivety
>> The correct answer is d) Naivety. The Five-Factor Model of personality includes five dimensions: extroversion, neuroticism, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. Naivety is not included as a widely recognized dimension in this model.

19. What is the term for the process of forming an opinion or belief about someone or something based on limited information?
a) Stereotyping
b) Prejudice
c) Discrimination
d) Attitude formation
>> The correct answer is a) Stereotyping. Stereotyping involves forming generalizations or assumptions about individuals or groups based on limited information or preconceived notions. These generalizations often lead to biases and prejudice.

20. Who is famous for his research on observational learning, particularly the Bobo doll experiment?
a) Albert Bandura
b) Ivan Pavlov
c) B.F. Skinner
d) John Watson
>> The correct answer is a) Albert Bandura. Bandura’s research, including the Bobo doll experiment, demonstrated the power of observational learning and the role of social modeling in shaping behavior.